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  • 英语四级听力辅导—计算题
    来源:河北教育考试网  时间:2012-03-12   字号:      

      英语四级听力辅导—计算题

            计算题中应注意对话中的具体数字,抓住其类型是时间,还是价格、重量、或数量以及其针对的相关动作或事件,在听的过程中有目的地做笔记,为以后计算做好充分的准备。以下为与数字相关的常用词汇及表达方式。   

            ①数字单位   

            百hundred 千thousand   

            百万million 十亿billion   

            ②不定数目   

            about 接近,大约around 在……周围,差不多   

            almost 几乎or so 大约   

            more than 比……更多less than 比……更少   

            below 在……以下,不及under 未满,少于   

            ③时刻表述   

            3:15 a quarter past three(英)或three fifteen(美)   

            9:30 half past nine(英)或nine thirty(美)   

            15:00 fifteen o’clock(英)或three p.m(美)   

            00:10 ten past midnight(美)   

            ④年、月、日的读法   

            2004年10月13日October the thirteenth two thousand and four   

            前天the day before yesterday   

            后天the day after tomorrow   

            每隔一天every other day或every two days   

            每天daily 每周weekly 每月monthly 每年annual   

            ⑤分数和小数的读法   

            1/3 one third 2/5 two fifths 4.45 four point four five   

            ⑥与价格、货币相关的词汇   

            美元dollar 美分cent   

            英镑pound 便士penny   

            欧元European dollar/euro 钞票bill   

            硬币coin 零钱change   

            $17.56 seventeen dollars fifty-six cents / seventeen fifty-six   

            打折on sale/discount/off 七折30% off   

            半价half price 两倍double   

            三倍triple   

            ⑦与容量、重量、长度相关的词汇   

            加仑gallon 品脱pint   

            盎司ounce 夸脱quart   

            磅pound 英尺foot /feet( pl.)   

            英寸inch 码yard   

            英里mile   

            ⑧电话号码的读法   

            8848390 double eight four eight three nine zero/o   

            ⑨三位数的读法   

            147 one hundred and forty seven   

            ⑩字母与数字的并列读法   

            AVT64HO a v t six four h o   

            【例1】1997.6   

            W: Here’s a 10-dollar bill, give me two tickets for tonight’s show please.   

            M: Sure. Two tickets and here’s $1.40 change.   

            Q: How much does one ticket cost?   

            A) $1.40 B) $4.30 C) $6.40 D) $8.60   

            【预测】看见选项带有“$”的符号,可断定这题是考与钱有关的内容,选项中的B和D又是倍数关系,往往为货币倍数计算题,所以确定B、D为最可疑选项。   

            【解析】原文中出现4个数字,首先,聪明的你必须分清楚它们分别代表什么,之间有什么联系:“10”代表一张面值10美元(bill)的应付钞票,“2”代表要买的2张门票(tickets),“1.40”代表所找的1.40元零钱(change),“1”代表问题中问到的1张门票值多少钱(cost)。再来计算,不难发现(10-1.40)/2=4.30,答案为B选项。   

            【例2】1997.1   

            M: What’s the time for departure?   

            W: 5:30.That only leaves us 15 minutes to go through the customs and check our baggage.   

            Q: At what time did this conversation take place?   

            A) 5:00 B) 5:15 C) 5:30 D) 5:45   

            【预测】通过选项发现此题的答案小时都为5,分钟各不同,可预测到这题肯定是考分钟的加减运算,并且分钟之间差额按顺序都有15分钟,故判断原文中可能会围绕“fifteen minutes”的计算。   

            【解析】原文中共出现两个数字,因此在听的过程中注意与这两个时间有关的动作或事件。5:30代表航班起飞的时间,明白leave代表只剩下15分通关的意思,不难听出它们之间的加减关系,所以A和C可以排除,剩下用减法,答案为B。   

            Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said, both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked [A], [B], [C], [D], and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.   

            Example: You will hear:   

            You will read: A) At the office B) In the waiting room   

            C) At the airport D) In a restaurant   

            From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening. This conversation is most likely to have taken place at the office. Therefore, A) “At the office”is the best answer. You should choose A) on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre .   

            1. A) At 10:30 B) At 10:25   

            C) At 10:40 D) At 10:45   

            2. A) More than an hour and a half B) Not more than half an hour   

            C) More than two hours D) Less than an hour and a half   

            3. A) $1.00 B) $2.00 C) $3.00 D) $4.00   

            4. A) 25 B) 5 C) 15 D) 20   

            5. A) half an hour B) one hour   

            C) two hours D) three hours   

            6. A) Tuesday B) Wednesday C) Thursday D) Friday   

            7. A) Sunday B) Wednesday C) Tuesday D) Friday   

            8. A) 36 B) 38 C) 40 D) 42   

            9. A) March 12th B) March 19th   

            C) March 26th D) March 28th   

            10.A) 10 minutes B) 15 minutes   

            C) 20 minutes D) 30 minutes   

            1. 【选C】原文重现(时间)   

            M: So when are the other guys going to get here? The train is leaving in 10 minutes. We can’t wait here forever.   

            W: It’s 10:30 already. They’re supposed to be here by now. I told everybody to meet here by 10:15.   

            Q: When is the train leaving?   

            听力词汇扩展:   

            leave alone 听其自然,不要去管leave behind 丢弃;留下;忘记携带   

            leave off (使)停止;停下来leave out 忽略,遗漏;省略   

            2. 【选D】原文重现(时间)   

            W: How much time did you have for writing the paper?   

            M: We were given three hours, but I finished up in less than half the time.   

            Q: How long did it take the man to write his paper?   

            听力词汇扩展:   

            finish up 结束;完成finish up with 以……结束;最后有……   

            finish with 完成,结束   

            3. 【选C】原文重现(价格)   

            M: Does a half gallon of milk sell for $2.00?   

            W: Right, but if you buy two half-gallons now, the second is only half-price.   

            Q: How much will the man pay for a gallon of milk now?   

            听力词汇扩展:   

            pay for 付款pay back 偿还(借款等);回报   

            pay off 还清pay respect to 考虑,关心,重视   

            4. 【选A】原文重现(数量)   

            M: How many students enjoyed the party the day before yesterday?   

            W: Twenty were expected to come, but five more appeared.   

            Q: How many students actually showed up for the party?   

            听力词汇扩展:   

            show up 出现,显现show in 领入,领进来   

            show off 炫耀,卖弄show...around... 带领(某人)参观……   

            5. 【选D】原文重现(小时)   

            M: Come on, hurry up, we can save an hour if we can catch the express train!   

            W: Yes, it takes only two hours to get to Manchester.   

            Q: How long will take the man and woman get to Manchester if they take the ordinary train?   

            听力词汇扩展:   

            get to 到达get along (with sb.) (与某人)相处融洽   

            get into 进入get down 下来,落下   

            get back 回来   

            6. 【选C】原文重现(星期)   

            W: I wonder if you can finish your homework by Tuesday morning?   

            M: Sorry, Ms. Ford . I don’t think I can finish it so early. I need two days more.   

            Q: When will the man hand in his homework?   

            听力词汇扩展:   

            hand in 交进来,交纳hand down 把……传下来;传给   

            hand over 交出,移交;让与hand on 传下来,依次传递   

            7. 【选B】原文重现(星期)   

            M: Today is already Tuesday. The package should have arrived two days ago.   

            W: Your Mum sent it last Friday. It takes five days to come to America from China by air. Be patient, honey.   

            Q: When should the package arrive according to the woman?   

            8. 【选C】原文重现(温度)   

            M: Do you think it’s usually this hot at this time of the year? The temperature is 38 right now.   

            W: Not really. It can be two degrees higher.   

            Q: What’s the highest temperature in the year?   

            9. 【选C】原文重现(日期)   

            M: How long can I keep the book, please?   

            W: It’s March 12th today and you have to return it in two weeks’time.   

            Q: When must the man return the book?   

            10. 【选A】原文重现(时间)   

            M: Why are you in such a hurry?   

            W: We’re already late for the play. It starts at 7:50. It takes us 30 minutes to get there, and it’s already half past seven.   

            Q: How late will they be for the play if they leave now?

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